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Halophilic microorganisms. - Ventosa, Antonio
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Ventosa, Antonio:

Halophilic microorganisms. - edition reliée, livre de poche

2004, ISBN: 3540009264

ID: 227782

Berlin , Heidelberg , New York , Hong Kong , Milan , Paris , Tokyo : Springer 2004., Buch ist in einwandfreiem Zustand ! Contents Foreword - Donn J. Kushner and His Contributions to the Study of Halophilism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Morris Kates Introductory Chapter: Half a Lifetime in Soda Lakes . . . . . . . . . . 17 William D. Grant 1 Trophic Ecology of Solar Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Carlos Pedros-Alio 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 1.2 Descriptive Biological Studies of Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . 34 1.2.1 From Seawater to the Halite Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 1.2.2 Beyond the Halite Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 1.3 Quantitative Biological Studies in Salterns . . . . . . . . . . 37 1.3.1 Systems Considered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 1.3.2 Phytoplankton and Primary Production . . . . . . . . . . . 38 1.3.3 Heterotrophic Prokaryotic Plankton and Its Activity . . . . 39 1.3.4 Grazing on Phytoplankton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 1.3.5 Grazing on Heterotrophic Prokaryotic Plankton . . . . . . . 44 1.3.6 Viruses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 1.4 Salterns as Model Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 2 Microbial Molecular and Physiological Diversity in Hypersaline Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Carol D. Litchfield 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2.2 Physiological/Metabolic Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49X Contents 2.2.1 Lipid Analyses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2.2.2 Radiolabelled Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 14 2.2.2.1 C-Labelled Substrate Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 2.2.2.2 Tritiated Thymidine and Leucine Studies . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2.2.3 Whole Community Metabolic Analyses . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2.2.4 Stable Carbon Isotope Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 2.3 Molecular Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 2.3.1 16S rDNA Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 2.3.1.1 Solar Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 2.3.1.2 Other Hypersaline Waters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 2.4 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3 Red, Extremely Halophilic, but not Archaeal: The Physiology and Ecology of Salinibacter ruber, a Bacterium Isolated from Saltern Crystallizer Ponds . . . . 63 Aharon Oren, Francisco Rodriguez-Valera, Josefa Anton, Susana Benlloch, Ramon Rossello-Mora, Rudolf Amann, Julie Coleman, Nicholas J. Russell 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 3.2 Occurrence of Halophilic Bacteria in Spanish Saltern Crystallizer Ponds . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 3.3 Isolation and Characterization of Salinibacter ruber from Saltern Brines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 3.4 Comparison of 16S rRNA Sequences from Salinibacter Cultures and Environmental Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 3.5 Physiological Properties of Salinibacter ruber . . . . . . . . 70 3.6 Characterization and Quantitation of the Salinibacter Pigment in Cultures and in Saltern Crystallizer Ponds . . . . 71 3.7 Final Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 4 The Potential Use of Signature Bases from 16S rRNA Gene Sequences to Aid the Assignment of Microbial Strains to Genera of Halobacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Masahiro Kamekura, Toru Mizuki, Ron Usami, Yasuhiko Yoshida, Koki Horikoshi, Russell H. Vreeland 4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 4.2 Differentiation of Halobacteria at the Generic Level . . . . . 77Contents XI 4.3 Heterogeneity of 16S and 23S rRNA Gene Sequences . . . . 79 4.4 Signature Bases of the 16S rRNA Gene Sequences . . . . . . 79 4.5 Utility of Signature Bases in the Attribution at the Level of Genus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4.6 A Case Study - Halosimplex carlsbadense . . . . . . . . . . . 84 4.7 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 5 From Intraterrestrials to Extraterrestrials - Viable Haloarchaea in Ancient Salt Deposits . . . . . . . . . 89 Helga Stan-Lotter, Crhtisitan Radax, Terence J. McGenity, Andrea Legat, Marion Pfaffenhuemer, Heidemarie Wieland, Claudia Gruber, Ewald B.M. Denner 5.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 5.2 Geological Setting, Stratigraphy and Rock Salt Samples . . . 90 5.3 Cultured Subterranean Haloarchaea . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 5.4 Molecular Analysis of Uncultured Haloarchaea . . . . . . . 94 5.5 How Old Are These Cells? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 5.6 Extraterrestrial Halite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 5.7 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 6 Fungi in the Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Polona Zalar, Uro Petrovi?, Martina Turk, Tina Kogej, G. Sybren de Hoog, Ana Plemenita 6.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 6.2 Isolation of Fungi from Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 6.3 Biodiversity of Fungi in the Salterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 6.3.1 Black Yeasts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 6.3.2 Genus Cladosporium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 6.3.3 Genus Wallemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 6.3.4 Genera Aspergillus, Penicilliumand Their Teleomorphs . . . 107 6.4 Studies of Adaptations of Black Yeasts to Hypersaline Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 6.4.1 Ecology of Black Yeasts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 6.4.2 Biochemical Adaptations of Black Yeasts to High Salinities . 109 6.5 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111XII Contents 7 Physiological and Molecular Responses of Bacillus subtilis to Hypertonicity: Utilization of Evolutionarily Conserved Adaptation Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Gudrun Holtmann, Clara D. Boiangiu, Jeanette Brill, Tamara Hoffmann, Anne U. Kuhlmann, Susanne Moses, Gabriele Nau-Wagner, Nathalie Pica, Erhard Bremer 7.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 7.2 The Cell and the Surrounding Solvent . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 7.3 Microbial Strategies for Coping with Hyperosmotic Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 7.4 Compatible Solutes: Characteristics and Physiological Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 + 7.5 The Initial Stress Response of B. subtilis: Uptake of K . . . 118 7.6 Accumulation of Compatible Solutes by Bacillus spp. Through Biosynthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 7.6.1 Osmoregulatory Synthesis of Proline . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 7.6.2 Osmoregulatory Synthesis of Ectoine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 7.6.3 Osmoregulatory Synthesis of Glycine Betaine from Choline 123 7.7 Acquisition of Preformed Compatible Solutes by B. subtilisfrom Environmental Resources . . . . . . . . . 125 7.8 Expulsion of Compatible Solutes: Protection Against Extreme Turgor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 7.9 Perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..., XXVII, 349 Seiten : Ill., graph. Darst. , 25 cm Gebundene Ausgabe; neuwertig, [Halophiler Mikroorganismus]

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Halophilic Microorganisms - Antonio Ventosa
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Antonio Ventosa:

Halophilic Microorganisms - nouveau livre

2003, ISBN: 9783540009269

ID: 692744308

Microorganisms from extreme environments have attracted the attention of many scientists and are currently one of the main focuses of research due to the fascinating mechanisms that they display in order to live under extreme conditions.One of the basic aspects of study in extremophiles is to unravel the adaptation mechanisms of these microorganisms to the severe conditions of temperature,pH or salinity of extreme habitats,and certainly the results will permit interesting developments in the future.Moreover,the extensive studies carried out during recent years have made it possible to use them as cell f- tories to produce new compounds of biotechnological importance and to develop new strategies for industrial processes. Besides thermophiles,hyperthermophiles,alkaliphiles,acidophiles or p- chrophiles,one of the most interesting groups of extremophiles is costituted by the halophilic microorganisms.These organisms require high levels of salt to grow and are common inhabitants of hypersaline environments, such as lakes,salterns or saline soils.This book is devoted to the salt-loving mic- organisms and focuses on different aspects of halophilic Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Halophilic Microorganisms Bücher > Fremdsprachige Bücher > Englische Bücher gebundene Ausgabe 22.09.2003, Springer, .200

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Halophilic Microorganisms - Antonio Ventosa
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Antonio Ventosa:
Halophilic Microorganisms - nouveau livre

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Halophilic Microorganisms Microorganisms from extreme environments have attracted the attention of many scientists and are currently one of the main focuses of research due to the fascinating mechanisms that they display in order to live under extreme conditions.One of the basic aspects of study in extremophiles is to unravel the adaptation mechanisms of these microorganisms to the severe conditions of temperature,pH or salinity of extreme habitats,and certainly the results will permit interesting developments in the future.Moreover,the extensive studies carried out during recent years have made it possible to use them as cell f- tories to produce new compounds of biotechnological importance and to develop new strategies for industrial processes. Besides thermophiles,hyperthermophiles,alkaliphiles,acidophiles or p- chrophiles,one of the most interesting groups of extremophiles is costituted by the halophilic microorganisms.These organisms require high levels of salt to grow and are common inhabitants of hypersaline environments, such as lakes,salterns or saline soils.This book is devoted to the salt-loving mic- organisms and focuses on different aspects of halophilic Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Bücher / Fremdsprachige Bücher / Englische Bücher 978-3-540-00926-9, Springer

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Halophilic Microorganisms - Antonio Ventosa
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Antonio Ventosa:
Halophilic Microorganisms - nouveau livre

ISBN: 9783540009269

ID: 175868840

Microorganisms from extreme environments have attracted the attention of many scientists and are currently one of the main focuses of research due to the fascinating mechanisms that they display in order to live under extreme conditions.One of the basic aspects of study in extremophiles is to unravel the adaptation mechanisms of these microorganisms to the severe conditions of temperature,pH or salinity of extreme habitats,and certainly the results will permit interesting developments in the future.Moreover,the extensive studies carried out during recent years have made it possible to use them as cell f- tories to produce new compounds of biotechnological importance and to develop new strategies for industrial processes. Besides thermophiles,hyperthermophiles,alkaliphiles,acidophiles or p- chrophiles,one of the most interesting groups of extremophiles is costituted by the halophilic microorganisms.These organisms require high levels of salt to grow and are common inhabitants of hypersaline environments, such as lakes,salterns or saline soils.This book is devoted to the salt-loving mic- organisms and focuses on different aspects of halophilic Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Halophilic Microorganisms Buch (fremdspr.) Bücher>Fremdsprachige Bücher>Englische Bücher, Springer

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Antonio Ventosa:
Halophilic Microorganisms - edition reliée, livre de poche

2003, ISBN: 9783540009269

ID: 5660926

2004, Hardcover, Buch, [PU: Springer Berlin]

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Halophilic Microorganisms
Auteur:

Ventosa, Antonio (ed.)

Titre:

Halophilic Microorganisms

ISBN:

9783540009269

Various groups of microorganisms - bacteria, archaea, algae and even fungi - have adapted to a life in a hypersaline environment. Halophilic Microorganisms explores the many-fold aspects of life under these extreme conditions. Several contributions analyze the microbial communities in different hypersaline environments such as salterns, soda lakes, and the Dead Sea or salt sediments. Reviews of their biodiversity, phylogeny, and genetics are given as well as of the diverse adaptation strategies of salt-tolerant or salt-requiring microorganisms. Microorganisms that have adapted to moderate salt concentrations or to habitats with drastic fluctuations are also treated in addition to the extreme halophiles. Their physiological, biochemical and molecular mechanisms developed in response to salinity and high osmotic pressure as well as current and future biotechnological applications are presented.

Informations détaillées sur le livre - Halophilic Microorganisms


EAN (ISBN-13): 9783540009269
ISBN (ISBN-10): 3540009264
Version reliée
Date de parution: 2003
Editeur: Springer-Verlag GmbH
349 Pages
Poids: 0,800 kg
Langue: ger/Deutsch

Livre dans la base de données depuis 12.06.2007 18:39:35
Livre trouvé récemment le 13.12.2016 22:26:04
ISBN/EAN: 9783540009269

ISBN - Autres types d'écriture:
3-540-00926-4, 978-3-540-00926-9

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